October is the time to do Fall planting. It is time for preparing for the spring harvest. There are several cold weather crops and cover crops you can do in cool/cold weather. Planting some of these crops will give you a head start in early spring and give you the opportunity to increase your yield because you started in the fall.
Crops to plant in early Spring/Fall:
Each of these plants you can do succession planting to get the most out of your growing season.
These plants thrive on somewhat cooler weather. The temperature they grow in also affects their flavor. The cooler weather allows for a sweeter flavor in some of these plants.
It’s not too late to get started. Let me know how it goes and if you have any questions or ideas of other posts.
Garlic is a plant that is super easy to grow and doesn’t require a lot of space. If you plant one clove it will multiply to 10 or more cloves. It’s a super good that people have been using for health for many years.
Where to Plant Garlic
Garlic needs to be planted in a spot where you haven’t had a plant from the onion family recently. Stay away from areas with poor drainage. Garlic roots rot and become diseased if the soil is too moist.
Soil Preparation for Garlic
It’s always best to start out with a nicely fertilized soil that is well-drained. I like raised beds because you have more control on the drainage and the type of soil used.
We use our homemade compost soil mixed with the local ground soil and bunny manure we obtain from a local bunny farmer. (Great additive for your gardens!).
Talk to your local farms and see if they sell it or maybe you can work out a trade with them. (It should only come from healthy animals. You don’t want to bring disease into your garden.)
It’s great to build a network of local/farms & homesteaders for trades and knowledge sharing.
How to Plant Garlic
First take the bulb and separate all the cloves.
The rows need to be about 12” apart with the cloves spaced 4-6” apart.
Plant the cloves blunt side down and pointy side up.
Push the cloves to about 2” deep and lightly pack the soil around each clove.
After the soil is packed water the rows.
If you’re in the North, it’s a good idea to add 6″ of mulch for winter protection. Garlic may begin growth late in fall or early in spring.
Where to Plant Shallots
Clear out all the weeds before you want your Shallots. Also make sure to weed throughout the season to avoid disturbing the shallow roots of your shallots. Weeds take up the available nutrients and water and will hinder the growth of your plants.
Soil Preparation for Shallots
Shallots dry our easily when they are young so it’s good to use a bed of peat moss, a good well seasoned manure or compost. This helps the soil retain the needed moisture for the young Shallots.
How to Plant Shallots
In rows about 12” apart, plant each clove thick end down at about 6” apart. Make sure just the top of the clove is protruding slightly from the surface. Each clove makes about 10-20 blubs!
If you plant them in the fall add a blanket of leaves or mulch about 6” thick. In the spring they will grow up through the mulch that protected them through winter.
If you want to try for a spring planting, at about 6 weeks before the last frost, plant your shallot cloves. I
It’s important to do this before it gets warm because shallots need a dormant period for about a month. The dormant period happens during cool to cold weather.
Mache Where to Plant Mache
It’s best to put Mache where it will get full sun.
Soil Preparation for Mache
Use a nice well drained fertile soil (compost, manure, and top soil).
How to Plant Mache
Space the rows about 6” apart and thin plants to about 5” apart in the rows. They can be harvested as needed as needed. If you sow in the fall you can allow plants to grow through the winter.
Begin planting kale 6 to 8 weeks before the first frost for fall and winter harvests. The cool autumn/spring weather brings out a wonderfully sweet, nutty flavor.
Where to Plant Kale
Kale grows best in full sun, but will tolerate partial shade as well.
Soil Preparation for Kale
Well fertilized, well drained soil. We use composted manure into the ground before planting.
How to Plant Kale
Space them 18 to 24 inches apart. The leaves will grow bigger if given a lot of space, but smaller leaves tend to be the most tender. After planting, water plants well.
The dark green leaves are rich in vitamin A and minerals and are a versatile addition to salads, quiches, crepes or omelets.
Where to Plant Spinach
Spinach does best when in full sun but if you’re in an area with temps above 75 degrees Fahrenheit it will need a lightly shaded area.
Soil Preparation for Spinach
Prepare well-drained richly fertilized soil. We use compost and bunny manure and some of our land soil for mostly all of our garden beds. The plants love the combination.
How to Plant Spinach
Plant spinach 6 to 8 weeks before the first frost in the fall. Space rows at about 12 inches apart and sow spinach in 5” bands and about 1” separated from each band of spinach.
Lettuce (Bibb butterhead)
Remarkable cold hardiness. Perfect for early spring and fall/winter harvests.
Where to Plant Lettuce
Grows great in full-sun or partial sun.
Soil Preparation for Lettuce
Well-drained nutrient rich composted and fertilized soil.
How to Plant Lettuce
Spread 6” apart with rows 12” apart.
Flower bulbs & Other greens such as arugula, endive, radicchio, dandelion, beets, turnips or even radishes are also great for fall planting.
Thanks for checking out this article.